Facebook Twitter

En Español

Free CERT Training Classes

Fire Safety

Adopted Codes and Standards | Emergency Medical Services | FAQ
                       Fire Prevention | Fire Home | Operations

Home Safety Fire Tips


Fire is one of the most common disasters. Fire causes more deaths than any other type of disaster. But fire doesn't have to be deadly if you have early warning from a smoke detector or a CO alarm everyone in your family knows how to escape calmly.

  • Smoke detectors save lives. Install a battery-powered smoke detector outside each sleeping area and on each additional level of your home.
  • Use the test button to check each smoke detector once a month. When necessary, replace batteries immediately. Replace batteries at least once a year.
  • Have a working fire extinguisher in the kitchen. Get training from the fire department in how to use it.
  • To reduce the risk of electrical shock, install GFCIs (ground-fault circuit-interrupters). GFCIs shut off faulty electrical circuits and equipment more quickly than conventional fuses or circuit breakers. The devices are inexpensive and can be hardwired into your home's electrical system by a qualified electrician.
  • Liquids like gasoline, kerosene, and propane are highly flammable. Make sure to store these liquids outside the home and away from sources of ignition. Store them only in small quantities and in their original containers or in safety containers. Never bring even a small amount of flammable liquid indoors. The vapors are highly flammable and can be ignited by a tiny spark.
  • Keep cooking areas clean and clear of materials that could catch fire, such as pot-holders, towels, rags, drapes, and food packaging.
  • Give space heaters plenty of space. Space heaters should be at least three feet away from anything that could burn. Always make sure to turn heaters off when leaving the room or going to bed.
  • Solid-fueled heating equipment, including chimneys, chimney connectors, fireplaces, and wood or coal stoves should be inspected by a professional every year and cleaned as often as necessary. This also applies to all other types of fueled heating equipment, including central furnaces and space heaters.
  • Lit candles should be monitored constantly by an adult and extinguished when adults leave the room or go to sleep. Use candleholders that won't tip over easily, are made of noncombustible materials, and are big enough to catch dripping wax safely. Never leave children alone with burning candles.
  • Keep matches and lighters high up and out of children's sight and reach - preferably locked in a cabinet.

Fire can grow and spread very fast. In a typical home fire you may have as little as two minutes to escape once the smoke alarm sounds.

Each year fires kill more than 3,500 people and injure tens of thousands more in the United States. Children ages five and under are twice as likely to die in a fire as the rest of the population.

Home fire escape planning and practice can make a critical difference for your entire family. By developing and practicing a home fire escape plan, your family will know exactly what to do in a fire so everyone can escape quickly and safely.

Draw a floor plan of your home. You'll need two ways out of every room. One way out would be the door, and the second way out may be a window. Consider purchasing a home fire escape ladder for bedrooms located on the second and third floors.

Remember, smoke rises. Ceiling-mounted alarms should be installed at least four inches away from the nearest wall; wall-mounted alarms should be installed four to 12 inches away from the ceiling. Don't install smoke alarms near windows, outside doors, or ducts where drafts might interfere with their operation. Don't paint your smoke alarms; paint or other decorations could keep them from working when you most need it. Replace the batteries in your smoke alarms once a year, or as soon as the alarm "chirps," warning that the battery is low. Helpful hint: Schedule battery replacements for the same day you change your clock from daylight to standard time in the fall.

Regularly vacuuming or dusting your smoke alarm following manufacturer's instructions can help keep it working properly.

If you live in an apartment building, make sure that you're familiar with the building's evacuation plan. In case of a fire, use the stairs, never the elevators.

If there are infants or family members with mobility limitations, make sure that someone is assigned to assist them.

Be fully prepared for a real fire. When a smoke alarm sounds, get out immediately, and once you're out, stay out!


As found on boardemporium.com website.